Assessment-4: ASSESSMENT DESCRIPTION
Description/Focus: Academic Paper
Value: 60% of the total grade. This assessment item must be attempted in order to pass the unit.
Due Date: 16th October
Length: 5000 words excluding references
Preparation: Timely completion of study materials; research using library resources
Presentation: Academic Paper to be submitted in MS-Word format
Assessment Criteria: The paper will be assessed based on the accuracy of the information, appropriate use of information sources and interpretation of data, correct use of technical terms and methodology, clear structure and presentation, and reasonable and persuasive arguments. All papers must use the CDU APA 6th bibliographic referencing style for their bibliography and in-text citations. Please refer to CDU guidelines for the correct bibliographic format.
Precaution: Penalties apply if: sources are frequently not acknowledged or APA 6th referencing not used or there is excessive use of quotations (more than 20 % of word count).
5000 words excluding references (or longer paper agreed with the Unit Coordinator).
More substantial issues of academic integrity will be dealt with in accordance with CDU’s
Academic and Scientific Misconduct Policy and Students – Breach of Academic Integrity
1. Clarity of presentation (Maximum 10%)
2. Structure and argumentation (Maximum 30%)
3. Quality of content (Maximum 30%)
Academic Integrity– apply any penalties
Total grade (Maximum 100%) for Assignment 4
Contribution to overall unit grade (Maximum 60%)
Saline Water Intrusion: 21st Centuries Challenge
Saltwater intrusion along the coastal belt of the world is a global challenge for this century. About 10% of people live along the coast and 41% of people live within 100 km (Martínez et al., 2007). Country like Australia also got infrastructures for coastal flooding which is only suitable for last centuries. But for South-East Asian countries, especially flat low lying coastal countries like Bangladesh, this coastal flooding, coastal erosion, and seawater intrusion are more devastating for people living along with the coast (Ali, 1999 & Habibullah et al. 1999). Due to the lack of freshwater either from surface or from subsurface, people are struggling for drinking water as well as for irrigational purposes. Several case studies show that people migrate to uplands unwillingly due to downfall of economic condition and obstruction of daily activity (Barbieri et al., 2010; Mortreux & Barnett, 2009; Perch-Nielsen, 2008; & McLeman & Smit, 2006).
The aim of this report is to find out results of salt water intrusions on surface and subsurface of coastal area. And provide a plan how to cope with this slow approaching disaster. This plan includes infrastructural development like rain water harvesting, protecting surface water from coastal flooding and tropical storm surges. Find a way for improving groundwater quality, sustainable agricultural practice in coastal area and to find out any alternative way of living for local people. For this we have to find stakeholders; taking their concerns and suggestions; and manage local authority to make a joint management strategy for implementing this plan.
Providing proper education would be the first step of this joint management plan. Stakeholders should have actual knowledge on what is climate change and its consequences. Local educational institutes, Non-Government Organizations, religious and political leaders can reach people more easily and effectively. Local and social media can be another effective source of providing information about climate change. Infrastructure development is a physical approach to mitigate effect of climate change. Renovation of existing infrastructure can reduce overall project cost. In addition, by incorporating local people can boost micro-economy of those area. Sustainability and durability of those infrastructure is important. Innovative enterprises should adopt on those locality, which are adaptable to climate change. But these enterprise should be closely related to current occupation of local people. Local NGOs can provide training to local women. By this way they can improve their way of living. Economic stability can reduce migration people from coastal area.
Climate change is inevitable but a long term preparation can make a difference. Gradual improving livelihood, adequate fresh water for drinking and irrigation, sustainable agricultural practice and better infrastructure are the key contributor for this difference. Education, infrastructure and economic development will help to overcome this situation.
Ali, A. (1999). Climate change impacts and adaptation assessment in Bangladesh. Climate research, 12(2-3), 109-116.
Barbieri, A. F., Domingues, E., Queiroz, B. L., Ruiz, R. M., Rigotti, J. I., Carvalho, J. A., & Resende, M. F. (2010). Climate change and population migration in Brazil’s Northeast: scenarios for 2025–2050. Population and environment, 31(5), 344-370.
Habibullah, M., Ahmed, A. U., & Karim, Z. (1999). Assessment of foodgrain production loss due to climate induced enhanced soil salinity. In Vulnerability and adaptation to climate change for Bangladesh (pp. 55-70). Springer, Dordrecht.
Martínez, M. L., Intralawan, A., Vázquez, G., Pérez-Maqueo, O., Sutton, P., & Landgrave, R. (2007). The coasts of our world: Ecological, economic and social importance. Ecological economics, 63(2-3), 254-272.
McLeman, R., & Smit, B. (2006). Migration as an adaptation to climate change. Climatic change, 76(1-2), 31-53.
Mortreux, C., & Barnett, J. (2009). Climate change, migration and adaptation in Funafuti, Tuvalu. Global Environmental Change, 19(1), 105-112.
Perch-Nielsen, S. L., Bättig, M. B., & Imboden, D. (2008). Exploring the link between climate change and migration. Climatic change, 91(3-4), 375.
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