Survey of American Literature

(THIS BOOK IS MANDATORY)! The Norton Anthology of American Literature: Beginnings to 1865 shorter 9th edition

Total of two assignment, one is essay and the other long answer questions.

Assignment #1:

Using the 2 uploaded files (207 Beginnings to 1820) and (207 Columbus Winthrop Williams Rowlandson Mather), examine and discuss how early American literature reflects the actual, conflicted, hybrid character of what “Americanness” is—keeping in mind not only issues of race and culture, but of religion, politics, and other ideologies as well.


Length: 3-5 full pages, MLA format

This is what individual anthology entries on your Works Cited page (completely separate page, with MLA-style pagination at top right) should look like: (the formula, then examples)

Last Name of Author, First and (if any) Middle Name of Author. Title of Work within

the Anthology (in quotation marks if a short story or a poem, underlined or 

italicized if a play). The Full Name of the Anthology (underlined or italicized) 

followed by the edition. Translator (Trans., only if the original work was not 

written in English; first name first; if more than one, alphabetical by last name).

Editor (Ed., first name first; if more than one, alphabetical by last name). City 

of Publication: Publishing Company, Latest Copyright Date. Pages that the 

work occupies within the anthology (numbers only).

(Notice how the entries are listed alphabetically according to the author’s last name, and how they are reverse indented; that is, indented the opposite of how you indent a paragraph, with only the first line NOT indented.)

Works Cited

Sophocles. Oedipus the King. Backpack Literature: An Introduction to Fiction,

Poetry, Drama, and Writing 5thed. Trans. Dudley Fitts and Robert Fitzgerald. Ed.

Dana Gioia and X.J. Kennedy. Boston: Pearson, 2016. 690-732.

Assignment #2:

Answer the 10 question uploaded with full detail



1. How does de Crevecoeur characterize the American frontier as dark and unsettling?

2. According to de Crevecoeur, what is fundamentally un-American (even anti-American) about slavery?

3. Compare/contrast the grievances against England mentioned by Paine in COMMON SENSE and by Jefferson in his original draft of the Declaration of Independence.

4. What are the 2 main reasons for the edits made to Jefferson’s original draft?

5. One of the most surprising features of the beginning of Equiano’s narrative is his frank discussion of how slavery actually existed within Africa among different tribes. However, he draws a very clear distinction between West African slavery and American slavery. Explain.

6. What is the main reason for Equiano’s ultimate decision to never set foot in America again once he purchases his freedom?

7. Explain the heavy irony that Wheatley creates in her “To the Right Honourable William, Earl of Dartmouth” poem when discussing America’s “slavery” to English tyranny.

8. “On Being Brought from Africa to America” is illustrative of an enduring controversy within the African-American literary tradition: the Christian religion. Explain.

9. Compare the issues on colonial diplomacy and Native American relations as discussed among Canessatego, Pontiac, Logan, and Tecumseh.

10. Explain the Cherokee women’s position as a special case.

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